On July 4 in …
1776 — The United States Declaration of Independence from Great Britain is adopted by the Second Continental Congress meeting in Philadelphia. Delegates from 12 of the 13 Colonies were present when the Congress convened. Georgia had not participated in the First Continental Congress and did not initially send delegates to the Second Continental Congress.
1802 — The United States Military Academy opens at West Point, NY, in Orange County opens.
1826 –- Thomas Jefferson, third president of the United States, dies the same day as John Adams, second president of the United States. It is the 50th anniversary of the adoption of the Declaration of Independence.
1827 -– Slavery is abolished in New York State. The state had passed a law in 1799 calling for gradual abolition. After that date, children born to slave mothers were free, but were required to work for the mother’s master for an extended period as indentured servants into their late 20s. Existing slaves kept their status. All remaining slaves are freed on this date.
1918 -– Bolshevik revolutionaries kill Tsar Nicholas II of Russia and his family.