On July 5 …
1687 — Isaac Newton publishes his famous multi-volume “Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica.” Among other works, the collection includes Newton’s laws of motion, which formed the foundation of classical mechanics, as well as Newton’s law of universal gravitation.
1811 — Venezuela becomes the first country in South American to declare independence from Spain, which had begun colonizing it in 1522.
1916 — Sisters Adelina and Augusta Van Buren — descendants of President Martin Van Buren of Kinderhook — set out from the Sheepshead Bay race track in New York City en route to making the first successful transcontinental motorcycle tour by two women. They will arrive in San Diego, CA, on September 12, ending a 5,500 mile trek. Both are in the American Motorcycle Association Hall of Fame.
1975 — Arthur Ashe becomes the first black man to win a Wimbledon singles title defeating Jimmy Connors.
1996 –- Dolly the sheep becomes the first mammal cloned from an adult cell. The cloning was performed was by Sir Ian Wilmut, Keith Campbell and colleagues at the Roslin Institute, part of the University of Edinburgh, Scotland, and the biotechnology company PPL Therapeutics, based nearby. Dolly would live nearly seven years before succumbing to a progressive lung disease.