On July 14 in …
1789 –- During the start of the French Revolution a crowd of citizens of Paris storms the Bastille, a fortress and prison seen as a symbol of royal authority in the city.
1874 –- The Great Chicago Fire burns down 47 acres of the city, killing at least 20 people, destroying 812 buildings, and resulting in the fire insurance industry demanding municipal reforms from Chicago’s city council.
1881 –- Convicted murderer William H. Bonney, popularly known as Billy the Kid, is shot and killed by Sheriff Pat Garrett outside Fort Sumner, NM, about two months after he had escaped from jail while awaiting hanging.
1933 -– Nazi eugenics begin with the proclamation of the “Law for the Prevention of Hereditarily Diseased Offspring.” It calls for the compulsory sterilization of any citizen who suffers from alleged genetic disorders as determined by the government.
1943 –- The George Washington Carver National Monument is formally dedicated in Diamond, MO, the first U.S. National Monument in honor of an African-American.