On July 22 in …
1686 — Albany, NY, is formally chartered by Governor Thomas Dongan as a municipality. That document becomes known as the Dongan Charter. Originally a Dutch settlement called Fort Orange, after being taken over by the English it was renamed for the Scottish Duke of Albany, whose title came from the Gaelic name for Scotland, Alba.
1706 — The Acts of Union 1707 are agreed upon by commissioners from the Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of Scotland, which, when passed by each country’s parliament, will lead to the creation of the Kingdom of Great Britain.
1796 — Surveyors working for the Connecticut Land Company name an area in Ohio “Cleveland” after Gen. Moses Cleaveland (note the spelling difference), who is the superintendent of the surveying party.
1933 — Aviator Wiley Post returns to Floyd Bennett Field in Brooklyn, NY, completing the first solo flight around the world. His journey took 7 days, 18 hours, 49 minutes.
1937 — The U.S. Senate rejects President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s proposal to add more seats to the nine-member Supreme Court.